The Importance Of Personal Financial Planning And Management

Written by: Jennifer Watkins
03/18/2020

personal-finance

Being financially stable is a goal that many consumers work diligently toward. The average working person may have a short term and a long term goal regarding their personal finances. Everyone desires to have enough money set aside for emergencies that may arise, but often times, some emergencies set their finances back to a deficit point. Managing one’s own personal finances is not always ideal for all people. Some will have difficulty keeping the proverbial head above water while others can manage very well with. Personal finance is the management of your money, your investments, and your savings. This includes your banking, investments, saving for retirement, your mortgage, budgeting, insurance, estate planning, and taxes. Every aspect of where your money goes, and how it is spent is encompassed in your personal finance planning. It also refers to the industry that provides services involving finances to households and individuals. Your personal finance means meeting your financial goals depending on your income, your living requirements, your expenses, and your desires. These must be met by devising a plan that fits within your financial constraints. In order for you to make the most of the income you have and your savings, you need to become financially literate to be able to distinguish between good advice and bad advice.

It is never too late to start financial planning and creating financial goals. This will give you and your family financial freedom and security. The best way to get your personal finances on track is to first, work out a budget which is essential for you to live within your means, and to save enough to meet long term goals. One common method most widely used is the 50/30/20 budgeting method. The way it works is on each payday, plan to use 50% of your pay after taxes, and put it toward your living essentials like rent, grocery, utilities, and transportation. Then, take 30% of that pay and put it toward your lifestyle expenses like eating out, clothes, and shopping. The last 20% goes toward the future which is saving for retirement and emergencies, and paying down your debt. With the advent of personal budgeting apps for smartphones, managing money has never been easier. The next thing to do when starting your financial planning is to create an emergency fund. By doing this, you are paying yourself first so that money is put aside for any emergency like medical expenses, care repairs, or household necessities in case you are laid off. The ideal safety range for this is at least six months of living expenses.

Once you have gotten this far in your personal finance planning, you are now ready to consider limiting your debt. People have to borrow money from time to time, but the key to limiting debt is not to spend the money that you earn. It can be advantageous to go into debt if it leads to the acquisition of an asset. Another thing to remember is to use your credit cards wisely. These can often be major debt traps, but they are useful applications for more than just buying products. They help to establish your credit rating, and they are a great way for you to track your spending. To manage your credit cards more easily you should always pay off the entire balance each month. Your budgeting plan should also include regular monitoring of your credit score. You will need to have a solid credit history to get a mortgage, or other type of financing. Your credit to debt ratio helps determine your score. Instead of using credit cards to pay bill, when at all possible, set up debit card payments so you will never miss a payment.

When trying to get your personal finances to a manageable state, consider your student loans if you have them. This could take a great deal of money that could be going into a savings to get these loans to a stable point. Usually they are high interest loans, and the principal may seen like it never decreases. There are numerous loan repayment options available to help make payoffs easier. If you minimize your repayments, it could free up some of your income for investing in other places., or it can go into a retirement savings, and receive the optimum benefit from compound interest. Many younger people do not think that they need a retirement savings at a young age, but that is the best time to start saving for your golden years even though they seem like a lifetime away. By the time you are older, you will need 80% of your current income in a retirement account, so the younger you are the better. All of these factors should be included when starting a personal finance budgeting plan.

Your personal finances are the mainstay of your life, and every factor of daily living revolves around your ability to sustain financially. Many people like to be spend thrifts with their money, and not prepare for the next day. To ensure that your personal finances provide some sustainability, budgeting planning is vital. You must establish fundamental procedures then think about the philosophy. The key to your personal financial management is learning that the same principles that help you succeed in your career and business is the same principle that will help you with your personal financial management. These keys are assessment, prioritization, and restraint. To prioritize means that you can look at your finances and know what keeps the money coming in, and stay focused on them. Assessment means that you will always have other ideas about how you can be more successful. Restraint means that you can put a hold on spending on assets that are non wealth building until you have met your monthly debt reduction or savings goal. This is crucial when you are building your net worth. Getting information about personal finance management and planning is free, and can be obtained online, or at your local library.


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